Paphiopedilum lowii is one of a handful of epiphytic species in the genus Paphiopedilum. It is widespread throughout peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo and Sulawesi where it grows at 250 to 1600 m in seasonally wet rainforests.
Paphiopedilum glanduliferum is a tropical slipper orchid that grows at 0 to 200 m in the crevices of limestone cliffs in New Guinea.
Many tropical Asiatic slipper orchids are pollinated by flies. Many have spots, bumps, hairs, carrion colors and foul odors that attract flies seeking a food source. P. glanduliferum is pollinated by hoverflies (Syrphidae) which normally lay their eggs on aphids. The glandular hairs in the center of the flower may mimic an aphid colony.
Nepenthes adnata is a tropical pitcher plant endemic to Sumatra where it grows on mossy sandstone cliff faces above the Tjampo River.
Insects seeking nectar from glands below the pitcher’s rim lose their footing and fall into a pool of acid and digestive enzymes in the bottom of the pitcher. Most struggle until they drown. A few manage to swim to the sides and succeed in scaling the wall into a zone of digestive glands, only to become hopelessly mired in sticky juice.
Coelogyne monilirachis is a tropical orchid with dark bronze leaves and translucent orange flowers. It grows as an epiphyte in lower montane forests in the Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawk on the island of Borneo.
Crepidomanes minutum is a filmy fern (Hymenophyllaceae) native to the Waimea Valley, O’ahu, Hawaii. The leaf blade of a filmy fern is usually only one cell thick.
Filmy ferns are restricted to rainforest habitats that are continuously moistened by spray from waterfalls or seeps. They have existed since the Upper Triassic 200 mya., when many of the first dinosaurs evolved.
Promenaea stapeliodes x guttata
Promenaea is a genus of 14 orchid species native to Brazil. They are small plants that grow as epiphytes in humid montane forests.
Nepenthes faizaliana is a tropical pitcher plant native to limestone outcrops in Gunung Mulu National Park, in Sarawak, Borneo. It’s IUCN status is Vulnerable.
Pitchers produced by mature plants reach 30 cm. Young seedlings produce tiny pitchers almost immediately.